Sunday, August 5, 2007

States Of Malaysia - Pahang

From Wikipedia & Malaysiana1.

Pahang Darul Makmur (Prosperous Land) is the third largest state in Malaysia after Sarawak and Sabah. It is also the largest state in Peninsular Malaysia.

Occupying the huge Pahang River river basin, it is bordered to the north by Kelantan, to the west by Perak, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan, to the south by Johor and to the east by Terengganu and the South China Sea.

Its state capital is Kuantan, and the royal town is Pekan. Other important towns include Temerloh, Kuala Lipis and the hill resorts of Genting Highlands, Cameron Highlands, Bukit Tinggi and Fraser's Hill.

Indigenous people, mostly Johorean and Negeri Sembilanese Malays (Selangorians and Sungai Ujongians), form 73 per cent of the population, followed by Chinese at 17 per cent, and Indians at 10 per cent.

Pahang is divided into three geographical regions namely the western highlands, the central rainforest and the coast.

In the highlands is Cameron Highlands, which is famous for its tea plantations. It is also the country’s and Singapore’s main vegetable supplier.

In the district of Bentong is Genting Highlands, a holiday resort with theme parks and a casino. It is a 40 km to the north-east of Kuala Lumpur.

Fraser's Hill in the district of Raub is an English-style hill retreat with quaint cottages and refreshing waterfalls.

Bukit Tinggi, which is close to Genting Highlands, houses the French-style Colmar resort.

The central rainforest region includes the Taman Negara National Park in Jerantut, which houses Peninsular Malaysia’s highest peak Gunung (Mount) Tahan.

The same region includes the fresh-water Bera Lake in Triang which is surrounded by Semelai villages. The Semelai living around the lake (a RAMSAR Convention site) are the custodians of the state’s diverse flora and fauna.

There is also the lotus-laden Chini Lake in Pekan, beside the Pahang River. The Hulu Selangorian villagers who live around the lake believe a fort of ancient Johor kings collapsed into it, and a Malaysian Loch Ness Monster lives there.

In the coastal region, Kuantan is known for its sandy beaches. There is also Tioman Island in Rompin which was used for the filming of Hollywood musical film South Pacific in the 1950s.

Pahang, like its neighbour Terengganu, is famous for the Keropok Lekor fish sausages, made from sago flour and minced fish.

Pahang was originally part of Johor. In 1470, the Sultan of Johor picked one of his sons as Pahang’s first Sultan.

In 1623, when the Pahang Dynasty died out, the Sultan of Johor also served as the Sultan of Pahang.

In 1877, Johor prince Tengku Ahmad Shah re-established a separate Sultanate in Pahang and became Sultan Ahmad Shah 1.

The British took Pahang in 1888 and ruled it until August 31, 1957.

Pahang is divided into 11 districts namely Cameron Highlands (Tanah Rata), Kuala Lipis, Raub, Bentong, Temerloh, Maran, Bera (Triang), Jerantut, Kuantan, Pekan and Rompin.

The major economic activities in Pahang include the growing of cash crops such as rubber and oil palm, tourism and fisheries.

Gold was once mined in Raub and tin in Kuantan’s suburb Sungai Lembing.

Kuantan is the major port in the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.