Saturday, January 19, 2008

About Canton (Guangzhou)

Thanks, Wikipedia.

Guangzhou is the capital of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the People's Republic of China.

The city is also known by an older English-language name, Canton.

It is a port on the Pearl River, navigable to the South China Sea, and is located about 120 km northwest of Hong Kong.

As of the 2000 census, the city has a population of 8.5 million, making it the third most populous city in China.

It is nicknamed the City of Sheep and City of Flowers.

Guangzhou, and Guangdong Province, used to be part of Vietnam before it was conquered by China during the Qin Dynasty.

In the 1500s, Portugal conquered Macau, a port in the province.

In the 1600s, Guangzhou became one of China’s major ports.

From 1938-1945, Japan occupied Guangzhou and murdered thousands of civilians using chemical and biological warfare.

Guangzhou is now one of China’s most modernised cities and has an extensive railway network called the Guangzhou Metro.

The city is linked by bus and train to Hong Kong, too.

The city’s tourist attractions include the Chen Family Academy, Guangdong Museum of Handcrafts, Shamian Island, Guangdong Museum, Temple of the Six Banyan Trees, Huaisheng Mosque, Bright Filial Piety Temple, Chime Long Water Park, Shishi Holy Heart Cathedral, Museum of the King of Southern Yue, Baiyun Mountain, Yue Xiu Park, Guangdong Olympic Stadium, Guangzhou TV Tower, Pearl River Tower and CITIC Plaza.

Its sister cities include Los Angeles, Fukuoka, Auckland, Sydney, Birmingham and Manila.